Amendments to the
Value Added Tax Law
Amendments to the Value Added Tax Law
(Amendments to the VAT Law) were adopted on 24 November 2020 which
shall enter into force on 1 January 2021.
Refund of the orverpaid VAT
The procedures for the refund of the overpaid VAT are changed upon entry
into force of the amendments.
Until 31 December 2020, the State Revenue Service (SRS) had
the obligation to refund overpaid VAT to the taxpayer within 30 days after
the deadline for submission of the VAT declaration or the date of the
submission of the VAT declaration if such declaration has been submitted after
the respective deadline has expired, or after the date of the submission of the
adjusted VAT declaration, provided that certain criteria are met. The
conditions are cancelled from 1 January 2021 and the SRS shall have
the obligation to refund the overpaid VAT to all taxpayers within 30 days
after the deadline for the submission of the VAT declaration.
According to the amendments to the VAT Law, Section 110 is excluded
from the VAT Law which granted the right to the SRS to extent the period for
the refund of the overpaid VAT. Upon the exclusion of this Section from the
Law, the SRS shall have the obligation to refund the excess VAT within a
certain period of time, unless the SRS has decided to carry out a tax
inspection (audit) or a data conformity audit in accordance with the procedures
laid down in the law On Taxes and Duties.
The new procedures for VAT refunds shall apply to such VAT overpayments
which, as of 1 January 2021, are indicated in the VAT declarations
submitted to the SRS.
Extension of the
period for the application of the reduced VAT rate of 5%
The application of the VAT rate in the amount
of 5% is extended until 2023 for certain types of fresh fruit, berries and
vegetables, including washed, peeled, shelled, cut and packaged, but not
thermally or otherwise processed (for example, frozen, salted, dried).
Certain adjustments of a technical nature have been introduced for the
purpose of reaching a common understanding of the legal framework and for
minimising room for interpretation thereof and also for establishing clear and
unambiguous rules both for VAT payers and the tax administration:
the reverse charge procedure for the
payment of VAT on timber transactions, i.e., Section 141 of the VAT Law;
clarification of the reverse charge
procedure for the payment of VAT on scrap metal transactions, i.e.,
Section 143 of the VAT Law.
terminology related to natural persons of a third country or third territory
who bring the goods acquired inland out of the territory of the European Union
has been clarified. In particular, the words “who is not a taxable person” are
replaced with the words “whose place of permanent residence is not”.
Amendments to the law On Personal Income
Amendments to the law On Personal Income Tax
(Amendments to the PIT Law) were adopted on 27 November 2020. The
amendments shall enter into force on 1 January 2021, however, the
date of introduction of certain provisions is different.
Changes in the PIT
The progressive PIT rate has been reduced from
31.4% to 30% and such rate is applied to the part of the income which exceeds
It has been determined that the PIT rate, which
under the summary procedures has to be paid by a professional athlete who has
been declared as such within the meaning of the Sports Law, is 20% of the
annual total income from employment earned from professional sport.
Cancellation of the
patent fee payment regime
The patent fee payment regime is cancelled from
1 January 2021 and the reduced patent fee payment regime is
introduced instead. The reduced patent fee payment regime may be applied only
by retired persons and persons with Group I or II disability, provided
that such person is not a payer of the payroll tax, does not employ other
persons in the course of the economic activity thereof and the annual income
thereof does not exceed the amount of 3,000 euros.
The reduced patent fee shall be 17 euros
per year or nine euros per half year.
During the transition period, those who have
paid the patent fee for 2021 until 31 December 2020 will be entitled
to apply the regime effective until 31 December 2020 throughout the
period for which the patent fee has been paid in 2021, however, not longer than
until 31 December 2021.
Changes in the
application of the PIT for persons receiving royalties
The current tax regime shall be applied to
royalties until 1 July 2021. Accordingly, the application of the PIT
for intellectual property payments which do not qualify as income from paid
employment as of 1 July 2021 shall depend on whether such income is
paid by a collective management organisation or by another person.
If the royalty income is not paid by a
collective management organisation, the recipient of income has the obligation
to register with the SRS as the performer of economic activity. The author
shall calculate the PIT payable from the royalty in the annual income
declaration by deducting the notional expenditure rate from the income type in
the amount of 25% or 50% of the royalty income and applying the progressive PIT
rate. If expenditures exceed the notional expenditure rate laid down in the PIT
Law, the author has the right to deduct the actual expenditure from the
remuneration obtained for the intellectual property.
During the transition period, i.e., from 1 July 2021
until 31 December 2021, the person receiving royalties has the right
to not register as the performer of economic activity. In such case the royalty
payer (which is not a collective management organisation), depending on the
amount of the royalty, shall withhold the PIT of either 25% or 40% and shall
not apply the expenditure rate upon calculating the PIT.
If the royalty income is paid by a collective
management organisation, the recipient of income has no obligation to register
as the performer of economic activity. The collective management organisation
shall, within a year, calculate and withhold the PIT in the amount of 20% after
deduction of the notional expenditure rate and shall transfer the withheld PIT
to the single tax account.
Upon the submission of the annual income
declaration by the author, such royalty income shall be counted in the total
annual taxable income and shall be subject to the progressive PIT rate.
of the PIT according to the annual income declaration
From 2021, the difference of PIT, which has to
be paid into the budget, for those inhabitants to whom such difference of PIT
has occurred in the previous year, shall be calculated automatically in
accordance with the information at the disposal of the SRS regardless of
whether the person has submitted the annual income declaration.
All inhabitants who have not submitted any
annual income declaration for 2018 and/or 2019 and who, according to the
information at the disposal of the SRS, have to pay the difference of the PIT
into the budget, the SRS shall perform an automatic calculation of the PIT for
the respective year until 1 March 2021 on the basis of the
information at the disposal of the SRS and shall notify the person thereof.
The automatic payment of the PIT refund
calculated in accordance with the annual income declaration shall be started
the income of an
inherited State funded pension capital shall be taxable with the PIT;
the income earned as
a result of extinguishing the study and student loans shall not be taxable with
the PIT and, upon the fulfilment of certain conditions, also the liabilities
against persons taxable with the enterprise income tax shall be either reduced
compensations for the performers of remote work in the amount of 30 euros
per month shall not be subject to PIT;
taxpayer has no right to apply the PIT exemption laid down in the PIT Law in
respect of dividends and liquidation quota which have occurred until
30 December 2020.
Amendments to the law On State Social
contribution rate has been reduced by 1% from 1 January 2021. Specifically, the employer’s rate is
reduced by 0.5% and the employee’s rate is reduced by 0.5%.
The mandatory contribution rate for the pension
insurance paid by
self-employed persons from the income which does not exceed the minimum salary shall
be increased as of 1 July 2021 from the current rate of 5% up
The minimum mandatory contributions shall be
introduced as of 1 July 2021. The minimum object of mandatory contributions
per quarter shall be three minimum monthly salaries (i.e., 500 euros in
2021) — 1500 euros.
The current tax payment regime and rates shall be maintained for
the persons receiving royalties until 1 July 2021.
During the transition period from 1 July 2021
until 31 December 2021, the person receiving royalties has the right to not register as the
performer of economic activity. Upon the application of such tax payment
procedures, the applicable PIT rate also covers the mandatory State social
insurance contributions. No additional mandatory State social insurance
contributions are required.
Mandatory contributions are not made from
royalties paid by collective management organisations.